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剑桥雅思6Test2阅读Passage2原文翻译 Greying Population Stays in th […]

“老烤鸭雅思阅读真题还原”

剑桥雅思6Test2阅读Passage2原文翻译 Greying Population Stays in the Pink 老年人依旧健康

剑桥雅思6阅读第二套题目第二篇文章的主题为老年人依旧健康。文章分为12段,大体包含两部分的内容:其一,各种常见的老年病发病时间推迟,发病率降低;其二,探讨影响老年人健康水平的各种因素。下面是具体每一段的翻译。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读文中需要大家掌握的重点词汇以及对应的答案解析

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思6 test 2 passage 2 老年人口健康

剑桥雅思6Test2阅读Passage2答案解析 Greying Population Stays in the Pink 老年人仍然健康

剑桥雅思6 Test 2 Passage 2阅读原文翻译

第1自然段

Elderly people are growing healthier, happier and more independent, say American scientists. The results of a 14-year study to be announced later this month reveal that the diseases associated with old age are afflicting fewer and fewer people and when they do strike, it is much later in life.

美国科学家说,老年人正在变得更健康,更快乐,更独立。一项将在本月晚些时候宣布的为期14年的研究结果表明,受老年疾病困扰的人越来越少,而且哪怕疾病确实出现了,也在人生更为靠后的阶段。

第2自然段

In the last 14 years, the National Long-term Health Care Survey has gathered data on the health and lifestyles of more than 20,000 men and women over 65. Researchers, now analysing the results of data gathered in 1994, say arthritis, high blood pressure and circulation problems – the major medical complaints in this age group – are troubling a smaller proportion every year. And the data confirms that the rate at which these diseases are declining continues to accelerate. Other diseases of old age – dementia, stroke, arteriosclerosis and emphysema – are also troubling fewer and fewer people.

在过去的14年里,国家长文章来自老烤鸭雅思期健康护理调查收集了有关20,000多名65岁以上男性和女性健康与生活方式的数据。现在,研究人员在分析1994年所收集的数据的结果时说,关节炎,高血压和血液循环问题-该年龄段的主要医疗疾病-每年影响的人群比例都在减小。数据证实这些疾病的下降速度继续加快。受老年痴呆,中风,动脉硬化和肺气肿等其他疾病困扰的人也越来越少。

第3自然段

‘It really raises the question of what should be considered normal ageing,’ says Kenneth Manton, a demographer from Duke University in North Carolina. He says the problems doctors accepted as normal in a 65-year-old in 1982 are often not appearing until people are 70 or 75.

北卡罗来纳州杜克大学人口统计学家,肯尼斯·曼顿说:“这真的提出了什么应该被认为是正常老化的问题”。他说,1982年医生认为在65岁的老年人身上很正常的问题现在到70或者75岁才会出现。

第4自然段

Clearly, certain diseases are beating a retreat in the face of medical advances. But there may be other contributing factors. Improvements in childhood nutrition in the first quarter of the twentieth century, for example, gave today’s elderly people a better start in life than their predecessors.

显然,面对医学进步,某些疾病正在消退。但是可能还有其他促成因素。例如,在二十世纪前二十五年中,儿童营养的改善为当今的老年人提供了比其前辈更好的生活起点。

第5自然段

On the downside, the data also reveals failures in public health that have caused surges in some illnesses. An increase in some cancers and bronchitis may reflect changing smoking habits and poorer air quality, say the researchers. ‘These may be subtle influences,’ says Manton, ‘but our subjects have been exposed to worse and worse pollution for over 60 years. It’s not surprising we see some effect.’

不利的一面是,该数据还揭示了公共健康的失败导致某些疾病激增。研究人员说,某些癌症和支气管炎的增加可能反映了吸烟习惯的改变和空气质量的下降。曼顿说:“这些可能是微妙的影响。但60多年来,我们的受试者一直忍受越来越严重的污染。我们看到一些影响不足为奇”。

第6自然段

One interesting correlation Manton uncovered is that better-educated people are likely to live longer. For example, 65-year-old women with fewer than eight years of schooling are expected, on average, to live to 82. Those who continued their education live an extra seven years. Although some of this can be attributed to a higher income, Manton believes it is mainly because educated people seek more medical attention.

曼顿发现的一个有趣的联系是,受过良好教育的人寿命可能更长。例如,受教育少于八年的65岁女性平均预期寿命为82岁。那些继续接受教育的人则会多活七年。尽管其部分原因可以归于较高的收入,但曼顿认为,这主要是因为受过教育的人们会寻求更多的医疗关注。

第7自然段

The survey also assessed how independent people over 65 were, and again found a striking trend. Almost 80% of those in the 1994 survey could complete everyday activities ranging from eating and dressing unaided to complex tasks such as cooking and managing their finances. That represents a significant drop in the number of disabled old people in the population. If the trends apparent in the United States 14 years ago had continued, researchers calculate there would be an additional one million disabled elderly people in today’s population. According to Manton, slowing the trend has saved the United States government’s Medicare system more than $200 billion, suggesting that the greying of America’s population may prove less of a financial burden than expected.

调查还评估了65岁以上人士的独立状况,并再次发现了惊人的趋势。在1994年的调查中,几乎80%的人可以完成日常活动,从不需帮助就可以吃饭穿衣到诸如烹饪和财务管理等复杂任务。这表示人口中残疾老年人的数量大大减少。如果14年前美国这一明显趋势继续下去,研究人员计算得出,现在的人口将再增加100万残疾人。曼顿认为,趋势放缓已为美国政府的医疗保险体系节省了超过2000亿美元。这表明美国人口老龄化的财务负担可能比预期的要少。

第8自然段

The increasing self-reliance of many elderly people is probably linked to a massive increase in the use of simple home medical aids. For instance, the use of raised toilet seats has more than doubled since the start of the study, and the use of bath seats has grown by more than 50%. These developments also bring some health benefits, according to a report from the MacArthur Foundation’s research group on successful ageing. The group found that those elderly people who were able to retain a sense of independence were more likely to stay healthy in old age.

许多老年人的自力更生可能与简单家庭医疗辅助设备使用的大量增加有关。例如,自研究开始以来,加高马桶座圈的使用量增加了一倍以上,而浴室座圈的使用量已增长了50%以上。麦克阿瑟基金会研究小组关于成功衰老的报告指出,这些进展也带来了一些健康上的好处。该小组发现,那些能够保持独立感的老年人在老年时更可能保持健康。

第9自然段

Maintaining a level of daily physical activity may help mental functioning, says Carl Cotman, a neuroscientist at the University of California at Irvine. He found that rats that exercise on a treadmill have raised levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor coursing through their brains. Cotman believes this hormone, which keeps neurons functioning, may prevent the brains of active humans from deteriorating.

加利福尼亚大学尔湾校区神经学家Cotman说,维持日常的体力活动水平可能有助于心理机能。他发现,在跑步机上运动的老鼠的大脑中神经源性神经营养因子水平升高。Cotman认为,这种使神经元保持运转的激素可以防止活跃的人的大脑退化。

第10自然段

As part of the same study, Teresa Seeman, a social epidemiologist at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, found a connection between self-esteem and stress in people over 70. In laboratory simulations of challenging activities such as driving, those who felt in control of their lives pumped out lower levels of stress hormones such as cortisol. Chronically high levels of these hormones have been linked to heart disease.

作为同样研究的一部分,洛杉矶南加利福尼亚大学社会流行病学家Teresa Seeman发现,在70岁以上的人群中自尊与压力存在联系。在实验室模拟的诸如驾车等具有挑战性的活动中,那些觉得能够控制自己生活的人释放较低水平的压力荷尔蒙,例如皮质醇。如果这些激素长期处于较高水平可能会导致心脏病。

第11自然段

But independence can have drawbacks. Seeman found that elderly people who felt emotionally isolated maintained higher levels of stress hormones even when asleep. The research suggests that older people fare best when they feel independent but know they can get help when they need it.

但是独立性也有弊端。西曼(Seeman)发现,感觉情感孤立的老年人即使在睡觉时也保持较高的压力激素水平。研究表明,老年人在感到独立,但知道他们可以在需要时获得帮助的时候表现最好。

第12自然段

‘Like much research into ageing, these results support common sense,’ says Seeman. They also show that we may be underestimating the impact of these simple factors. ‘The sort of thing that your grandmother always told you turns out to be right on target,’ she says.

西曼说:“就像对衰老的许多研究一样,这些结果与常识相符”。它们还表明,我们可能低估了这些简单因素的影响。她说:“奶奶总是告诉你的那些事情证明确实是正确的”。

剑桥雅思6Test2阅读Passage1原文翻译 Advantages of public transport 公共交通的优点

剑桥雅思6Test2阅读Passage3原文翻译 Numeration 计数的历史

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