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long working day is helpful for countries to become economically successful 雅思写作7.5分范文

这篇雅思写作大作文要求大家探讨较长工作时间的问题。题目中实际上有两个论点,一个是较长的工作时间有助于国家取得经济上的成功,一个是会引发社会问题。我们即可以采用完全赞同的立场,也可以同意一个而否定另外一个。

雅思写作题目

Some countries have a long working day, which is helpful for them to become economically successful, but it also causes some negative social problems. To what extent do you agree or not?

一些国家工作时间较长,这虽然有助于它们取得经济上的成功,但它也会引发许多社会问题。你在多大程度上同意或者不同意?

雅思写作范文

开头段

In some countries working long hours is regarded as the norm. Economic success resulting from long work hours comes at a price for families, people’s health and may contribute to higher unemployment. In my opinion, the long term consequences are too grave to ignore and an effort must be made to reduce long working hours.

在一些国家,长时间工作被当成是习以为常的东西。但它所带来的经济成功以家庭和人们的健康为代价,而且还可能造成较高的失业率。在我看来,其长期后果十分严峻,不容忽视。我们必须努力缩减工作时长。

对员工身体有害

The most serious effect of working overtime constantly is putting employee’s health at risk and causing illness, early retirement or even premature deaths. When working long hours it is more difficult to maintain a healthy lifestyle, like finding time to exercise and relax. An unhealthy lifestyle increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes and stress-related illnesses. Being chronically overworked can also cause psychological problems, like burnout, depressions or even suicides. All these health problems can cause high immaterial and material cost to society.

加班最严重的后果是危害员工健康,并引发疾病,提前退休,甚至死亡。长时间工作下很难维持健康的生活习惯,比如找时间锻炼或者放松。不健康的生活方式会提升患心脏病,糖尿病以及其他与压力相关的疾病的风险。长期过度工作还会引发心理问题,比如过度劳累、抑郁甚至是自杀。所有这些健康问题都会给社会带来极高的物质和非物质成本。

对家庭有害

Another problem is the workforce’s limited time for social contacts and families. Long work hours do not make a very family-friendly environment. People may find it hard to raise children and work. In particular, women may have to decide against working or having children. Because of long work hours, some employees will not find the time for a relationship or family at all and remain single. Consequently, birth rates are likely to fall, which can for example be observed in Japan. A low birthrate might leave society with an ageing population and results in many hard to solve problems.

另外一个问题是员工用于社交和家庭生活的时间有限。长时间的工作不会造就十分友好的家庭氛围。人们可能发现同时养育孩子和工作十分困难。尤其是女性可能必须在工作或者生孩子之间二选一。由于较长的工作时间,一些员工没时间谈恋爱或组建家庭,并一直单身。这样一来,生育率可能下降,正如日本那样。较低的生育率会使社会老龄化并造成一些难以解决的问题。

引发失业

Lastly, companies that require longer work hours will employ fewer people in total. It is obvious that if people would only work regular hours more people would be employed instead of some people being overworked and other unable to find work. The society has picked up the bill for most of the cost of unemployment and the consequences of people working too much.

最后,要求较长工作时间的公司会雇佣较少的员工。显然,如果员工工作时间正常,那么更多的人就会被聘用,而不是一些人加班,其他人无法找到工作。社会最终为失业和加班买单。

结论

In conclusion, I believe that the advantages of long work hours exist only short-term. The negative effects are a burden to society. It would be beneficial if governments and companies understand the long-term cost and limit long work hours to short-term overflow work.

总的来说,我认为长时间工作只存在短期好处,长期来看,它会对社会造成负担。如果政府和公司能够理解其长期成本并限制工作时间的话会更有利一些。

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